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Manufacturing Types

Rugs are made using various techniques, resulting in differences in quality and price. They can be produced by hand or by machine. The traditional methods of rug making include weaving and knotting.

Woven Rugs

Woven rugs have a smooth weave. The warp of cotton or linen yarn is completely covered by the wool weft. The threads lie flat and do not form a pile. The traditional loom has evolved over the centuries into the industrial machines of today.

Woven Rugs
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Tufting Process

The tufting process is widespread today. rugs are made similar to using a sewing machine. Hand-tufting uses a single needle, while machine processes use multiple needles simultaneously. This process is very fast, making tufted rugs more affordable.

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Tufting Process

Knotting Technique

rugs with a plush pile are made using this technique. The threads are knotted onto the warp thread and finished at the end of each row of knots with weft threads. After completion, the pile is evenly trimmed. The value of the rug increases with the number of knots per square meter, with some high-quality pieces having up to a million knots per square meter.

Knotting Technique
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Hand-Knotted

Traditionally made by nomads and farmers, hand-knotted rugs are now also produced in small studios and workshops. Warp threads are stretched onto a loom into which the weft thread is woven horizontally. The result is a base fabric into which the pile thread is woven knot by knot. Each finished fabric is then fixed with a metal comb. The value of the rug is determined by the fineness of the pile thread and the knot density. Over time, various knotting techniques and knot forms have developed. Each region of origin also has its own patterns, colors, and materials.

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Hand-Knotted

Handwoven

Handwoven rugs are traditionally made on a hand loom and have a smooth weave that can be used on both sides. After the warp threads of cotton or linen are stretched on the loom, the wool weft thread is woven horizontally with a bobbin. Depending on the thickness of the wool and the number of warp threads, the rug becomes finer or coarser. Compared to a high-pile rug, a handwoven rug is pleasantly lightweight. They can be solid-colored or patterned and often feature motifs of plants, animals, symbols, and signs symbolizing satisfaction and happiness.

Hand-Knotted
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Patchwork

Patchwork or vintage rugs are artfully made from parts of old, sometimes antique, Persian rugs. These pieces are hand-selected, cut, and sewn together. Special zigzag seams and an additional backing increase the stability and durability of the rug. Before processing, each rug is carefully cleaned. Colored vintage rugs are color-neutralized and dyed anew, giving them a modern look. Each patchwork rug is unique. The English term ’vintage’ means exquisite, classic, old.

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Patchwork

Hand-Tufted

Hand-tufting is a semi-manual process for producing high-quality pile rugs. Instead of tying knots, a special ’tufting gun’ is used to push the yarn through a stretched base pile. Once the pile is complete, the rug is glued on the back and evenly or relief-cut. Hand-tufted rugs are durable, high-quality, and relatively affordable. The technique offers unlimited design possibilities.

Patchwork
Patchwork Patchwork

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